Manipulation Detection and Preference Alterations in a Choice Blindness Paradigm

  title={Manipulation Detection and Preference Alterations in a Choice Blindness Paradigm},
  author={Fumihiko Taya and Swati Gupta and Ilya Farber and O'Dhaniel A. Mullette-Gillman},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
Objectives It is commonly believed that individuals make choices based upon their preferences and have access to the reasons for their choices. Recent studies in several areas suggest that this is not always the case. In choice blindness paradigms, two-alternative forced-choice in which chosen-options are later replaced by the unselected option, individuals often fail to notice replacement of their chosen option, confabulate explanations for why they chose the unselected option, and even show… 
Observing and influencing preferences in real time. Gaze, morality and dynamic decision-making
Preference formation and choice are dynamic cognitive processes arising from interactions between decision-makers and their immediate choice environment. This thesis examines how preferences and
Self-delivered misinformation - Merging the choice blindness and misinformation effect paradigms
The results suggest that memory blindness can be created when people inadvertently supply themselves with misleading information about an event, causing a change in their recollection.
Inducing Lasting Attitude Change Through Choice - A Choice Blindness Study on Political Views
Studies of decision-making have shown that attitudes can be influenced by choices. One way in which to study these types of attitude changes can be through the choice blindness paradigm. Choice
Impacts of the Time Interval on the Choice Blindness Persistence: A Visual Cognition Test-Based Study
It was found that no significant difference existed in the perception of false feedback between the first day and the first week in the first experiment, however, there was significant difference in the second experiment between one-day later and one-week later, suggesting time intervals had an effect on the persistence of choice blindness.
False Beliefs and Confabulation Can Lead to Lasting Changes in Political Attitudes
This study contributes to the understanding of how confabulatory reasoning and self-perceptive processes can interact in lasting attitude change and highlights how political expressions can be both stable in the context of everyday life, yet flexible when argumentative processes are engaged.
Lasting Political Attitude Change Induced by False Feedback About Own Survey Responses
These findings, being the first to demonstrate lasting preference change using choice blindness, are discussed in light of constructivist approaches to attitude formation through a process of self-perception.
Précis of Observing and influencing preferences in real time : Gaze , morality and dynamic decision-making
Imagine walking down a street with a friend, casually chatting as you make your way towards a movie theatre. Just outside the theatre you are stopped by a homeless person asking for spare change.
Eyewitness confidence malleability: Misinformation as post-identification feedback.
The results highlight the need for lineup administrators to both ask for and document verbatim witness confidence at the time of the initial identification, and suggest both confirming misinformation and typical feedback would significantly inflate witness confidence relative to no feedback controls.
Self-Knowledge, Choice Blindness, and Confabulation
......................................................................................................... vi LIST OF FIGURES


Choice Blindness and Preference Change: You Will Like This Paper Better If You (Believe You) Chose to Read It!
Choice blindness is the finding that participants both often fail to notice mismatches between their decisions and the outcome of their choice and, in addition, endorse the opposite of their chosen
The phenomenon of change blindness has received a great deal of attention during the last decade, but very few experiments have examined the effects of the subjective importance of the visual stimuli
Do Decisions Shape Preference?
It is found that preferences were altered after participants made a blind choice, but not after a computer dictated the decision, suggesting that just as preferences form choices, choices shape preferences.
How choice affects and reflects preferences: revisiting the free-choice paradigm.
If people's ratings/rankings are an imperfect measure of their preferences and their choices are at least partially guided by their preferences, then the FCP will measure spreading, even if people's preferences remain perfectly stable, and it is shown that this applies to the basic FCP paradigm as well as to all variants that examine moderators and mediation of spreading.
Failure to Detect Mismatches Between Intention and Outcome in a Simple Decision Task
This work investigated the relation between intention, choice, and introspection, and found that participants failed to notice conspicuous mismatches between their intended choice and the outcome they were presented with, while nevertheless offering introspectively derived reasons for why they chose the way they did.
Is Choice-Induced Preference Change Long Lasting?
It is found that choices altered preferences both immediately after being made and after the delay, providing evidence that making a decision can lead to enduring change in preferences.
A gap in Nisbett and Wilson’s findings? A first-person access to our cognitive processes
Mere Exposure: A Gateway to the Subliminal
In the mere-repeated-exposure paradigm, an individual is repeatedly exposed to a particular stimulus object, and the researcher records the individual's emerging preference for that object. Vast