Manipulating Resistance Training Program Variables to Optimize Maximum Strength in Men: A Review

@article{Tan1999ManipulatingRT,
  title={Manipulating Resistance Training Program Variables to Optimize Maximum Strength in Men: A Review},
  author={Benedict Tan},
  journal={Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research},
  year={1999},
  volume={13},
  pages={289-304}
}
  • B. Tan
  • Published 1 August 1999
  • Education
  • Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Maximum strength is the capacity to generate force within an isometric contraction. It is a valuable attribute to most athletes because it acts as a general base that supports specific training in other spheres of conditioning. Resistance training program variables can be manipulated to specifically optimize maximum strength. After deciding on the exercises appropriate for the sport, the main variables to consider are training intensity (load) and volume. The other factors that are related to… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Progression models in resistance training for healthy adults.
  • Position Stand
  • Education
    Medicine and science in sports and exercise
  • 2009
TLDR
Progression in power training entails two general loading strategies: strength training and use of light loads performed at a fast contraction velocity with 3-5 min of rest between sets for multiple sets per exercise (three to five sets).
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE NUMBER OF REPETITIONS PERFORMED AT GIVEN INTENSITIES IS DIFFERENT IN ENDURANCE AND STRENGTH TRAINED ATHLETES
TLDR
Traditional guidelines may underestimate the potential number of repetitions that can be completed at a given percentage of 1RM, particularly for endurance trained athletes, this study suggests.
Skeletal Muscle Hypertrophy, Maximal Strength, and Rate of Force Development: Effects of Resistance Training Loading Strategy
TLDR
The purpose of the current study was to compare RISR to RM programs on measures of muscle fiber hypertrophy, maximal strength, and rate of force development (RFD) in well-trained lifters.
Manual Resistance versus Conventional Resistance Training: Impact on Strength and Muscular Endurance in Recreationally Trained Men.
TLDR
Effectiveness of MRT is similar to CT for improving muscular strength and endurance, which can be used as a supplemental or alternative strength training modality for recreationally trained subjects, or be considered by personal trainers especially in low equipped facility conditions.
Designing Resistance Training Programmes to Enhance Muscular Fitness
TLDR
This article reviews the available research that has examined the application of the acute programme variables and their influence on exercise performance and training adaptations and concludes that the concepts presented in this article represent an important approach to effective programme design.
INCREASED NUMBER OF FORCED REPETITIONS DOES NOT ENHANCE STRENGTH DEVELOPMENT WITH RESISTANCE TRAINING
TLDR
When repetition failure was reached, neither additional forced repetitions nor additional set volume further improved the magnitude of strength gains, and this finding questions the efficacy of adding additional volume by use offorced repetitions in young athletes with moderate strength training experience.
Effects of instability versus traditional resistance training on strength, power and velocity in untrained men.
TLDR
The data indicate that a circuit training program using two instability training devices is as effective in untrained men as a program executed under stable conditions for improving strength, power, movement velocity and jumping ability.
Divergent Performance Outcomes Following Resistance Training Using Repetition Maximums or Relative Intensity.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that RISR training yielded greater improvements in vertical jump, rate of force development, and maximal strength compared to RM training, which may partly be explained by differences in the imposed training stress and the use of failure/non-failure training in a well-trained population.
Effects of Pre-exhaustion Versus Traditional Resistance Training on Training Volume, Maximal Strength, and Quadriceps Hypertrophy
TLDR
The PreEx training can decrease the total training volume while maintaining results in strength and hypertrophy when comparing to TRT, however, TRT may be optimal if the goal is to decrease fat mass.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 176 REFERENCES
Cycle Ergometer Performance and Maximum Leg and Hip Strength Adaptations to Two Different Methods of Weight‐Training
The effects of different methods of weight training on strength and short-term work capacity are not clearly understood. This study describes the leg and hip maximum strength and endurance responses
Effects of selected weight training programs on the development of strength and muscle hypertrophy.
Abstract This experiment was undertaken to determine the effects of a six-week progressive weight training program on the development of strength and muscle hypertrophy, using one exercise, the
A Review: The Effects of Combined Strength and Endurance Training on Strength Development
Concurrent strength and endurance training reportedly compromises strength gains and the ability to produce explosive movements. Possible reasons for compromises in strength-power adaptations with
Incompatibility of endurance- and strength-training modes of exercise.
Twenty-two male and female subjects trained for 7 wk for endurance (group E), for strength (group IS), or for both strength and endurance (group C) to evaluate the effect of concurrent performance of
Effects of maximal effort strength training with different loads on dynamic strength, cross-sectional area, load-power and load-velocity relationships
TLDR
In conclusion, training with loads of 15% and 35% of 1RM resulted in an increase in 1RM, and the high correlation between 1RM and maximal power at load 2.5 kg also would indicate that maximal strength is important for performance at light loads.
Strength training effects on aerobic power and short-term endurance.
TLDR
Evidence is provided that HRT is capable of dramatically increasing short-term endurance, when the muscles involved in the training are used almost exclusively during the testing without an accompanying increase in Vo2max.
Strength training and determinants of VO2max in older men.
TLDR
The data suggest that the small increase in leg cycle VO2max in older men may be due to adaptations in oxidative capacity and increased mass of the strength-trained muscles.
Compatibility of high-intensity strength and endurance training on hormonal and skeletal muscle adaptations.
TLDR
It is indicated that the combination of strength and endurance training results in an attenuation of the performance improvements and physiological adaptations typical of single-mode training.
Muscular adaptation to concentric and eccentric exercise at equal power levels.
TLDR
Data indicate that, when exercising at the same relative power level, a subject performing concentric contractions will show greater muscle hypertrophy and improve in MIso production more than a subject training with eccentric contractions.
Manipulating Exercise Order Affects Muscular Performance During a Resistance Exercise Training Session
TLDR
Fatigue rate and TF for the bench press were substantially decreased when single-jointed exercises preceded structural ones and greater when structural exercises (multijointed) were done first.
...
...