Manifold learning by preserving distance orders

Abstract

Nonlinear dimensionality reduction is essential for the analysis and the interpretation of high dimensional data sets. In this manuscript, we propose a distance order preserving manifold learning algorithm that extends the basic mean-squared error cost function used mainly in multidimensional scaling (MDS)-based methods. We develop a constrained optimization problem by assuming explicit constraints on the order of distances in the low-dimensional space. In this optimization problem, as a generalization of MDS, instead of forcing a linear relationship between the distances in the high-dimensional original and low-dimensional projection space, we learn a non-decreasing relation approximated by radial basis functions. We compare the proposed method with existing manifold learning algorithms using synthetic datasets based on the commonly used residual variance and proposed percentage of violated distance orders metrics. We also perform experiments on a retinal image dataset used in Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) diagnosis.

DOI: 10.1016/j.patrec.2013.11.022

Cite this paper

@article{Cansizoglu2014ManifoldLB, title={Manifold learning by preserving distance orders}, author={Esra Ataer Cansizoglu and Murat Akçakaya and Umut Orhan and Deniz Erdogmus}, journal={Pattern recognition letters}, year={2014}, volume={38}, pages={120-131} }