Mangroves enhance the biomass of coral reef fish communities in the Caribbean

  title={Mangroves enhance the biomass of coral reef fish communities in the Caribbean},
  author={Peter J. Mumby and Alasdair J. Edwards and Jes{\'u}s Ernesto Arias‐Gonz{\'a}lez and Kenyon C. Lindeman and Paul G. Blackwell and Angela Gall and Malgosia I. Gorczynska and Alastair R. Harborne and Claire L. Pescod and Hendrik Renken and Colette C. C. Wabnitz and Ghislane Llewellyn},
Mangrove forests are one of the world's most threatened tropical ecosystems with global loss exceeding 35% (ref. 1). Juvenile coral reef fish often inhabit mangroves, but the importance of these nurseries to reef fish population dynamics has not been quantified. Indeed, mangroves might be expected to have negligible influence on reef fish communities: juvenile fish can inhabit alternative habitats and fish populations may be regulated by other limiting factors such as larval supply or fishing… 
The importance of sponges and mangroves in supporting fish communities on degraded coral reefs in Caribbean Panama
It is indicated that a diverse fish community can persist on degraded coral reefs, and that the availability and arrangement within the seascape of other habitat-forming organisms, including sponges and mangroves, is critical to the maintenance of functional processes in such ecosystems.
Mangroves Enhance Reef Fish Abundance at the Caribbean Regional Scale
This study is the first to demonstrate at a large regional scale that greater mangrove forest size generally functions to increase the densities on neighboring reefs of those fishes that use these shallow, vegetated habitats as nurseries.
The functional importance of Acropora austera as nursery areas for juvenile reef fish on South African coral reefs
There were significant differences in fish communities between AP and NAP habitats, and 110 species were recorded within the patches compared to 101 species outside the patches, which indicates the importance of AP as refugia and nursery areas.
The effect of mangrove development on coral reef fish in Bocas del Toro, Panama and global mangrove management methods
Mangroves provide a variety of ecosystem services to humans, such as timber for construction and a place for tourists to visit. They are also important nursery habitats for juvenile fish that migrate
Indo-Pacific seagrass beds and mangroves contribute to fish density and diversity on adjacent coral reefs
The value of mangroves, seagrass beds, coral reefs, macroalgae and intertidal flats as a juvenile habitat for fish is investigated by studying density distribution patterns of juveniles and adults of 76 reef fish species in these habitats.
Distribution of fish in seagrass, mangroves and coral reefs: life-stage dependent habitat use in Honduras.
The results suggest that connectivity of seagrass, mangrove, and coral reef sites at a species and site levels, should be taken into consideration when implementing policy and conservation practices.
Establishment of marine protected areas alone does not restore coral reef communities in Belize
A variety of factors have caused the loss of corals and fishes on coral reefs, resulting in ecological, social, and economic consequences for reef ecosystems and the people who depend on them. A
Mangrove Habitat Use by Juvenile Reef Fish: Meta-Analysis Reveals that Tidal Regime Matters More than Biogeographic Region
The findings of this study highlight the importance of incorporating region-specific tidal inundation regimes into marine spatial conservation planning and ecosystem based management and imply that changes in seawater level and rainfall due to climate change may have important effects on how juvenile reef fish use nearshore seascapes in the future.
Patterns of fish utilisation in a tropical Indo-Pacific mangrove-coral seascape, New Caledonia
Most fish utilised the forest edge with few species making regular use of in- forest habitats, supporting the contention that most fish species remain on the edge and potentially retreat into the forest for opportunistic feeding, or when threatened by larger predators.


How important are mangroves and seagrass beds for coral-reef fish? The nursery hypothesis tested on an island scale
This study hypothesised that on islands lacking these bay nursery habitats, adults of these fish species will be absent or show low densities on the coral reef, and indicates that degradation or loss of these habitats could have impacts on reef-fish stocks in the Caribbean.
Importance of shallow-water biotopes of a Caribbean bay for juvenile coral reef fishes: patterns in biotope association, community structure and spatial distribution
Fish community structure of a non-estuarine inland bay on the Caribbean island of Curacao was determined in the mangroves, seagrass beds, algal beds, channel, fossil reef boulders, notches in fossil
Dependence of Caribbean reef fishes on mangroves and seagrass beds as nursery habitats: a comparison of fish faunas between bays with and without mangroves/seagrass beds
Comparison of fish densities from the 11 different inland bays of Curacao indicates that for the nursery species the degree of depen- dence on a combination of mangroves and seagrass beds as nurseries for juvenile fish is high for Ocyurus chrysurus and Scarus iserti, and the dependence on seagRass beds ishigh for Haemulon parrai, H. flavolineatum and L. mahogoni.
Mangrove shoreline fishes of Biscayne Bay, Florida
Fish assemblages inhabiting two types of mangrove-lined shoreline that encompass Biscayne Bay were examined using a visual 'belt-transect' census method, suggesting that these shoreline habitats play varying ontogenetic and trophic roles, depending on location, season and fish species.
Fishes in Mangrove Prop-root Habitats of Northeastern Florida Bay: Distinct Assemblages across an Estuarine Gradient
Seasonal changes in freshwater inflow and other environmental conditions may induce changes in density and species composition of mangrove fishes along estuarine gradients. Fishes within mangrove
Mangrove Forests: One of the World's Threatened Major Tropical Environments
he mass media and scientific press have widely reported losses of tropical environments, such as fellingof rain forests and bleaching of coral reefs.This well-meritedattention has created a worldwide
Why do juvenile fish utilise mangrove habitats?
Movements of Fishes Within and Among Fringing Coral Reefs in Barbados
Movement of coral reef fishes across marine reserve boundaries subsequent to their initial settlement from the plankton will affect the ability of no-take reserves to conserve stocks and to benefit
Global Trajectories of the Long-Term Decline of Coral Reef Ecosystems
Records are compiled, extending back thousands of years, of the status and trends of seven major guilds of carnivores, herbivores, and architectural species from 14 regions that indicate reefs will not survive without immediate protection from human exploitation over large spatial scales.
Diel, lunar and seasonal changes in a mangrove fish assemblage off Southwestern Puerto Rico
Visual censusing was used to investigate diel, lunar, and seasonal variations in abundance and composition of a fish assemblage inhabiting a mangrove key off the southwest coast of Puerto Rico, finding low nighttime abundance was partly due to twilight migrational activities.