Mangrove Restoration: Do We Know Enough?

  title={Mangrove Restoration: Do We Know Enough?},
  author={Aaron M. Ellison},
  journal={Restoration Ecology},
  • A. Ellison
  • Published 1 September 2000
  • Environmental Science
  • Restoration Ecology
Mangrove restoration projects have been attempted, with mixed results, throughout the world. In this paper, I first examine goals of existing mangrove restoration projects and determine whether these goals are clear and adequate, and whether or not they account for the full range of biological diversity and ecological processes of mangrove ecosystems. Many restored mangrove forests resemble forest plantations rather than truly integrated ecosystems, but mangrove plantations can be a first step… 

Ecological engineering for successful management and restoration of mangrove forests

Assessing mangrove restoration practices using species‐interaction networks

Mangroves are uniquely important ecosystems, for preserving biodiversity, sustaining livelihoods, and mitigating against climate change. However, they are degraded globally and are therefore a

Do mangrove forest restoration or rehabilitation activities return biodiversity to pre-impact levels?

This review will investigate how the age and initial tree diversity of a restoration or rehabilitation activities determine the effectiveness of these initiatives, and whether rehabilitation for optimal ecosystem service provision is likely to conflict with the full restoration of mangrove forests.

To Plant or Not to Plant: When can Planting Facilitate Mangrove Restoration?

Global change processes such as sea level rise and the increasing frequency of severe storms threaten many coastlines around the world and trigger the need for interventions to make these often

Mangrove restoration, a case for an evidence based approach

Knowledge of the underlying factors controlling spatial patterns in mangrove ecosystems is fundamental for restoration of mangrove communities damaged or degraded by natural or anthropogenic

Mangrove Rehabilitation and Restoration as Experimental Adaptive Management

Rehabilitated and restored mangrove ecosystems have important ecological, economic, and social values for coastal communities. Although a sine qua non of successful mangrove rehabilitation or

A meta-analysis of the ecological and economic outcomes of mangrove restoration

The results suggest that mangrove restoration has substantial potential to contribute to multiple policy objectives related to biodiversity conservation, climate change mitigation and sustainable development.

Towards a more robust approach for the restoration of mangroves in Vietnam

Key message Globally, mangrove forests are under threat from a range of causes. They also represent a large potential form of climate mitigation and adaptation via reforestation, and this investment

Active restoration leads to rapid recovery of aboveground biomass but limited recovery of fish diversity in planted mangrove forests of the North Brazil Shelf

Coastal degradation has spurred active restoration of mangrove ecosystems, from local initiatives to global commitments to increase mangrove forest area by 20% over the next decade. Mangrove



Ecology of Mangrove Growth and Recovery in the Lesser Antilles: State of Knowledge and Basis for Restoration Projects

Whereas the increasing knowledge on tropical coastal wetlands highlights the ecological and economical importance of such ecosystems, anthropogenic activities within the coastal zone have caused

Local Mangrove Planting in the Philippines: Are Fisherfolk and Fishpond Owners Effective Restorationists?

Local fisherfolk and fishpond owners have been practicing “restoration” of mangrove forests in some parts of the Philippines for decades, well before governments and non‐government organizations

The Scale of Successional Models and Restoration Objectives

This paper focuses on the restoration goal of self-sustainability, but only in the context of a long-term goal, and considers the impact of processes arising outside of the restoration site as of greater importance than restoration itself.

Rehabilitation of Mangrove Ecosystems: An Overview

The global conservation status of mangroves

Despite considerable focus on mangroves in the scientific literature, an apparent universal appreciation for their biological and economic values, and the enactment of protective legislation, these

Mangrove forests : A tough system to invade but an easy one to rehabilitate

Restoration of Biogeochemical Function in Mangrove Forests

Findings indicate that local or regional factors such as salinity regime act together with site history to control primary production and turnover rates of organic matter in restoration sites, and suggest that restoration sites dominated by Laguncularia racemosa and Rhizophora mangle should exhibit slower recycling of nutrients compared with natural basin forests where Avicennia germinans is more abundant.

Mangrove reforestation in Panama: an evaluation of planting in areas deforested by a large oil spill

[Extract] Although the monitoring study commenced in February 1989, it was apparent that natural regenerative processes of R. mangle forests were under-estimated in the earlier planting program.

A comparison of the macrofauna of natural and replanted mangroves in Qatar