Manchester's Footballing Pioneers, 1863–1904: A Collective Biography

  title={Manchester's Footballing Pioneers, 1863–1904: A Collective Biography},
  author={Gary James},
  journal={The International Journal of the History of Sport},
  pages={1143 - 1159}
  • G. James
  • Published 13 June 2015
  • History
  • The International Journal of the History of Sport
Association football had become a prominent part of Manchester's sporting landscape by 1904 when Manchester achieved its first national success. Its journey had been difficult, relying on the efforts of several key individuals whose relentless determination to widen the sport's participation ensured the game succeeded. This paper provides an analysis of three pioneering figures, John Nall, Fitzroy Norris, and Joshua Parlby, who took the game from its formalized inception in the region through… 
4 Citations

The origins of school football associations: Manchester as a case study

Abstract This paper will focus on the origins and subsequent development of school football in Manchester and its surrounding conurbation between 1880 and 1919. Archival evidence, drawing mainly on

The origins debate – how soccer triumphed over other forms of team sports in Manchester

In recent years studies of footballing regions has added much to the origins of football debate and it is clear that understanding how each conurbation or region adopted the sport adds significantly

Historical Frameworks and Sporting Research

Abstract In recent years, there has been a wealth of research into how the game of association football developed. However, rather than establishing a common theme this research has led to competing



The Emergence of an Association Football Culture in Manchester 1840–1884

Association football had become a prominent part of Manchester's sporting landscape by 1884, when the Manchester FA was formed, and this paper considers both how the game became significant in the

FA Cup success, football infrastructure and the establishment of Manchester’s footballing identity

Contemporary Manchester is recognized internationally as a footballing city, with both Manchester United and Manchester City acknowledged as prominent clubs. However, the city has not always been a

The Origins of Football Debate: The Continuing Demise of the Dominant Paradigm, 1852–1856

This article presents original and compelling new material in ‘the origins of football debate’, this time from the period 1852–1856, using the British Library's digitisation project of

Building a National League: The Football League and the North of England, 1888–1939

Football in England has not always been a national game in the sense of an allinclusive competitive structure incorporating every part of the country. The story of the sport's journey from

Football: The First Hundred Years: The Untold Story

Introduction: Waiting for kick-off 1. What football was not: The history of Shrove football 2. Entertaining the elite: Football at the public schools and the universities 1555-1863 3. Football

London Swimming Professors: Victorian Craftsmen and Aquatic Entrepreneurs

As sporting opportunities expanded during the eighteenth century, a number of individuals made a living from exploiting their skills, initially as competitors and later as instructors. Subsequent

The Origins of Football Debate: Comments on Adrian Harvey's Historiography

This article is intended as a reply to Adrian Harvey's recent historiography of football in which he continues to distort the story of the initial development of the game. It not only refutes the

Jerry Jim's training stable in early Victorian Preston

By the first half of the nineteenth century, pedestrians preparing for matches were training rigorously under the guidance of local experts whose regimes drew on their own competitive experiences and

The problem with revisionism: how new data on the origins of modern football have led to hasty conclusions

This article attempts to redress the balance of historical interpretation in terms of the origins of the modern game of football. We analyse succinctly the new data on football outside school

On Bosworth Field or the Playing Fields of Eton and Rugby? Who Really Invented Modern Football?

In 1867 the Football Association was considering disbanding but was largely dissuaded from doing so by the progress the game was making in Sheffield. The football rules used there seemed much more