Managing the Carnivore Comeback: International and EU Species Protection Law and the Return of Lynx, Wolf and Bear to Western Europe

  title={Managing the Carnivore Comeback: International and EU Species Protection Law and the Return of Lynx, Wolf and Bear to Western Europe},
  author={Arie Trouwborst},
  journal={Animal Law eJournal},
  • A. Trouwborst
  • Published 24 August 2010
  • Environmental Science
  • Animal Law eJournal
Lynx, wolves and brown bears are returning to areas in Western Europe from which they have long been absent. This raises specific questions, not only concerning the effective conservation of transboundary carnivore populations, but also regarding potential consequences for livestock, hunting, human safety and the like. Intense popular debates tend to ensue wherever large predators reappear. The response by public authorities, however, must respect the limits imposed by international and… 

Wolves Not Welcome? Zoning for Large Carnivore Conservation and Management under the Bern Convention and EU Habitats Directive

  • A. Trouwborst
  • Environmental Science
    Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law
  • 2018
With some exceptions, populations of bears, wolves, lynx and other large carnivores are recovering across Europe. Zoning is one of the means available to public authorities to promote large carnivore

Interpreting ‘favourable conservation status’ for large carnivores in Europe: how many are needed and how many are wanted?

The methods and processes through which EU law is interpreted, implemented, and enforced, by member states, European Commission, and EU Court of Justice are analyzed to identify approaches that are workable and effective, as well as likely to be endorsed by the EU Court.

Legal implications of range expansions in a terrestrial carnivore: the case of the golden jackal (Canis aureus) in Europe

The recent expansion of the golden jackal across the continent is reviewed, several ensuing policy and legal questions are addressed, and what countries’ conservation obligations are with respect to expanding species are addressed.

Keep the wolf from the door : How to conserve wolves in Europe ' s human-dominated landscapes ?

The recolonization of wolves in European human-dominated landscapes poses a conservation challenge to protect this species and manage conflicts. The question of how humans can co-exist with large

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Cumulative effects of climate change, pollution, over-harvesting, fragmentation, degradation and loss of habitat threaten biodiversity globally. In Europe, centuries long over-harvesting and

Wilderness Protection Under the Bern Convention: The Perspective of Europe's Large Carnivores

This chapter assesses the significance of the pan-European 1979 Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention) for European wilderness protection. It does

Wildlife Management, Species Injustice and Ecocide in the Anthropocene

Norway has been signatory to the Council of Europe’s Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (1979) (otherwise known as the “Bern Convention”) since 1986.

The EU Habitats Directive and Wolf Conservation and Management on the Iberian Peninsula: A Legal Perspective

The focus of this legal paper is on the implications of the EU Directive on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora (Habitats Directive) for wolf (Canis lupus) conservation




This Pan-Alpine Conservation Strategy for the Lynx (PACS) bases on two ideas: (1) no Alpine country can host a viable lynx population in isolation all regional populations will be transboundary; and


1. The Agreement on the Conservation of Seals in the Wadden Sea, which was the first regional agreement under the Bonn Convention, was concluded between Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands on 16

Guidance Document (n 36) 54

    Case C-183/05, Commission v Ireland

    • 2007

    See in this regard also the reasoning by the Scottish Court of Session in Royal Society for the Protection of

      Guidance Document, ibid

        Written questions by MPs Ormel and Schreijer-Pierik of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA)

          on the Protection of the Wolf (Canis lupus) in Europe

          • 1989

          to written questions Ormel and Schreijer-Pierik, ibid, Aanhangsel Handelingen II

            8 of COP Decision VII/27 (2004) on Mountain Biological Diversity draws attention to conflicts between humans and wild animals