Managing the Abundance and Diversity of Breeding Bird Populations through Manipulation of Deer Populations

  title={Managing the Abundance and Diversity of Breeding Bird Populations through Manipulation of Deer Populations},
  author={William J. McShea and John H. Rappole},
  journal={Conservation Biology},
Abstract: Deer densities in forests of eastern North America are thought to have significant effects on the abundance and diversity of forest birds through the role deer play in structuring forest understories. We tested the ability of deer to affect forest bird populations by monitoring the density and diversity of vegetation and birds for 9 years at eight 4‐ha sites in northern Virginia, four of which were fenced to exclude deer. Both the density and diversity of understory woody plants… 

Structuring Effects of Deer in Boreal Forest Ecosystems

Many deer populations have recently increased worldwide leading to strong direct and indirect ecological and socioeconomical impacts on the composition, dynamic, and functions of forest ecosystems.

Temperate forests respond in a non-linear way to a population gradient of wild deer

Wild deer exert strong top–down control on forest composition by browsing on palatable trees, and these effects are exacerbated as red, fallow, and roe deer populations increase in northern

Effects of Key deer herbivory on forest communities in the lower Florida Keys

Avian response to plant community composition and structure in regenerating timber harvests protected by ungulate exclusion fencing

Forests of eastern North America have been negatively impacted by excessive white-tailed deer browsing for decades. Previous studies have shown how deer-driven changes to forest structure, plant

Defining deer overabundance and threats to forest communities: From individual plants to landscape structure

Abstract Changes in habitat and reduction in predation and hunting pressure are two primary causes of high-density populations of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in many areas of eastern



Effects of forest fragmentation on breeding bird communities in Maryland, USA

Effects of White‐Tailed Deer on Populations of an Understory Forb in Fragmented Deciduous Forests

It is suggested that changes in landscape structure and local deer abundance have altered plant-deer relationships such that grazing can lead to the local extirpation of sensitive forbs such as Trillium spp.

Forests Too Deer: Edge Effects in Northern Wisconsin

Abstract: Browsing by white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) can profoundly affect the abundance and population structure of several woody and herbaceous plant species. Enclosure studies and


I recorded mast production by oaks (Quercus sp.) at 12 forested sites in western Virginia for 6–12 yr and measured its impact on the abundance of small mammals, understory vegetation, and

Vegetation Structure and Avian Diversity in Several New World Areas

Data indicating more precise vertical habitat selection in tropical habitats are more equivocal are discussed, and suggestions of increased microspatial heterogeneity in homogeneous tropical habitats as compared with similar temperate areas, and distinctions between standing crop diversity and existence energy diversity regressed on foliage height diversity are not substantiated.


SUMMARY (1) Exotic deer (mostly Cervus elaphus and Dama dama) are abundant in the Andean forests and adjacent Patagonian steppe in the Provinces of Neuquen and Rio Negro where two of Argentina's

Effect of white-tailed deer on songbirds within managed forests in Pennsylvania

White-tailed deer populations have been maintained at high densities in Pennsylvania for several decades with unknown effects on songbirds and their habitats, but species richness of intermediate canopy-nesting songbirds declined and abundance declined between lowest and highest deer densities.

Regional Forest Fragmentation and the Nesting Success of Migratory Birds

Observed reproductive rates were low enough for some species in the most fragmented landscapes to suggest that their populations are sinks that depend for perpetuation on immigration from reproductive source populations in landscapes with more extensive forest cover.

Spatial Heterogeneity and Bird Species Diversity

A heterogeneity index, D, derived from the point—quarter technique was significantly correlated with bird species diversity (BSD) for several shrub and forest areas. It predicted BSD for a series of