Managing the Abundance and Diversity of Breeding Bird Populations through Manipulation of Deer Populations

@article{McShea2000ManagingTA,
  title={Managing the Abundance and Diversity of Breeding Bird Populations through Manipulation of Deer Populations},
  author={William J. McShea and John H. Rappole},
  journal={Conservation Biology},
  year={2000},
  volume={14}
}
Abstract: Deer densities in forests of eastern North America are thought to have significant effects on the abundance and diversity of forest birds through the role deer play in structuring forest understories. We tested the ability of deer to affect forest bird populations by monitoring the density and diversity of vegetation and birds for 9 years at eight 4‐ha sites in northern Virginia, four of which were fenced to exclude deer. Both the density and diversity of understory woody plants… 

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Abstract Changes in habitat and reduction in predation and hunting pressure are two primary causes of high-density populations of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in many areas of eastern
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