Managing Marine Ecosystems as Complex Adaptive Systems: Emergent Patterns, Critical Transitions, and Public Goods

Abstract

Complex adaptive system provides a unified framework for explaining ecosystem phenomena. Three ubiquitous features of ecosystems that arise from this framework are emergent patterns, critical transitions, and cooperative behavior. Focusing on marine ecosystems, we present numerous examples of each phenomenon, using the theory of complex adaptive systems to… (More)

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Hagstrom2016ManagingME, title={Managing Marine Ecosystems as Complex Adaptive Systems: Emergent Patterns, Critical Transitions, and Public Goods}, author={George I. Hagstrom and Simon A. Levin}, year={2016} }