Managerial coping with organizational change: A dispositional perspective.

@article{Judge1999ManagerialCW,
  title={Managerial coping with organizational change: A dispositional perspective.},
  author={Timothy A. Judge and Carl J. Thoresen and Vladimir. Pucik and Theresa M. Welbourne},
  journal={Journal of Applied Psychology},
  year={1999},
  volume={84},
  pages={107-122}
}
In a departure from the organizational development literature, this study hypothesized that managerial responses to organizational change are influenced by 7 dispositional traits (locus of control, generalized self-efficacy, self-esteem, positive affectivity, openness to experience, tolerance for ambiguity, and risk aversion). Data were collected from 6 organizations (N = 514) to test the hypotheses. The 7 traits were reduced to 2 factors: Positive Self-Concept and Risk Tolerance. Both of these… 

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