Management of refractory breathlessness with morphine in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive, incurable illness, which leads to significant morbidity over long periods of time and mortality. Treatment aims to reduce symptoms, improve exercise capacity and quality of life, reduce exacerbations, slow disease progression and reduce mortality. However, breathlessness is common in patients… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/imj.12857

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