Management of recurrent pleural effusions with a tunneled catheter.


Recurrent pulmonary effusions are commonly seen in patients with end-stage diseases. Traditional treatment modalities have required several days of hospitalization or frequent invasive procedures. Drainage with a tunneled pulmonary catheter can provide symptom palliation and resolution of the effusion without activity restriction or hospitalization. 
DOI: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2009.08.006