• Corpus ID: 42408185

Management of mastitis in breastfeeding women.

  title={Management of mastitis in breastfeeding women.},
  author={Jeanne P Spencer},
  journal={American family physician},
  volume={78 6},
  • J. Spencer
  • Published 15 September 2008
  • Medicine
  • American family physician
Mastitis occurs in approximately 10 percent of U.S. mothers who are breastfeeding, and it can lead to the cessation of breastfeeding. The risk of mastitis can be reduced by frequent, complete emptying of the breast and by optimizing breastfeeding technique. Sore nipples can precipitate mastitis. The differential diagnosis of sore nipples includes mechanical irritation from a poor latch or infant mouth anomalies, such as cleft palate or bacterial or yeast infection. The diagnosis of mastitis is… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Mastitis While Breastfeeding: Prevention, the Importance of Proper Treatment, and Potential Complications

Overall, improperly treated mastitis may cause the premature cessation of breastfeeding, and will cause suffering to both mother and baby; giving proper treatment and instructions to the mother are hence of the utmost importance.

Antepartum Mastitis

A 24-year-old, second gravida mother who developed unilateral antepartum mastitis with abscess formation at 34 weeks of gestation is presented, which was initially treated with antibiotics and surgical drainage, but her symptoms persisted over the next 2 weeks and she was referred to the authors’ institution.

Lactational mastitis and breast abscess - diagnosis and management in general practice.

An evidence based approach to the diagnosis and management of lactational breast infections in general practice is outlined, which can generally be effectively managed with oral antibiotics.

Lactostasis and prevention of lactation mastitis: role of neonatologist and pediatrician

It is advisable for women who start breastfeeding with increased risk factors for lactostasis and mastitis to recommend taking Lactobacillus fermentum CECT5716 probiotic immediately after childbirth during the first month of breastfeeding.

Severe Lactational Mastitis With Complicated Wound Infection Caused by Streptococcus pyogenes

This rare form of complicated mastitis with invasive disease caused by Streptococcus pyogenes called for an interdisciplinary approach is reported on on severe streptococcal mastitis in a lactating breast.


It is found out that minimally invasive surgical methods for treating breast abscesses should be prioritized at complex treatment programs for lactational mastitis.

Interventions for preventing mastitis after childbirth.

Most trials reported the primary outcome of incidence ofmastitis but there were almost no data relating to adverse effects, breast pain, duration of breastfeeding, nipple damage, breast abscess or recurrence of mastitis.

Recurrent Mastitis and Its Management in a Secondary Care Hospital: A Case Report

The recurrence of mastitis observed in this patient emphasizes the need of educating lactating mothers effectively regarding regular feeding and proper breast feeding techniques, which may enabling them to identify and resolve the predisposing factors of possible breast feeding disorders.

Postpartum mastitis in the breastfeeding women and antimicrobial resistance of responsible pathogens in ukraine: results a multicenter study.

Mastitis in the breastfeeding women in Ukraine requires medical attention it is common, and a lot of cases are caused by pathogens resistant to antibiotics, so optimizing the management and empirical antimicrobial therapy may reduce the burden of mastitis, but prevention is the key element.

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Lactation Mastitis in Three Hospitals in Cameroon: A Cross-Sectional Study

One in seven women is likely to have mastitis during breastfeeding, and most of the women are not aware of breastfeeding techniques and practice substandard breastfeeding hygiene that predisposes them to mastitis and to possible premature cessation of breastfeeding.



Lactation mastitis: occurrence and medical management among 946 breastfeeding women in the United States.

Feeding fewer than 10 times per day was protective regardless of whether or not feeding frequency in the same week or the week before mastitis was included in the model, and duration of feeding was not associated with mastitis risk.

Lactation Mastitis: Bacterial Cultivation of Breast Milk, Symptoms, Treatment, and Outcome

  • K. OstermanV. Rahm
  • Medicine
    Journal of human lactation : official journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
  • 2000
AlthoughCRPlevels in both groups were elevated, no significant difference was found between groups and rest and frequent emptying of the breast were curative in group A, and further interventions were necessary for mothers in group B.

Lactation Mastitis: A Descriptive Study of the Experience

  • K. Wambach
  • Medicine
    Journal of human lactation : official journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
  • 2003
Data collected via telephone interviews soon after diagnosis and daily through the seventh day after symptom onset documented that symptom intensity was moderate, peaked on the second day, and lasted on average 3 to 4 days.

The Treatment of Staphyloccocus Aureus Infected Sore Nipples: A Randomized Comparative Study

S. aureus infected sore, cracked nipples should be diagnosed as a potentially widespread impetigo vulgaris and treated aggressively with systemic antibiotics in order to improve healing and decrease the risk of developing mastitis due to an ascending lactiferous duct bacterial infection.

The challenge of mastitis

The process of lactation and feeding, referred to by some as the final stage of labour is remarkably successful, but a significant complication of breast feeding remains inflammation of the lactating tissue: the pathology of mastitis.

Risk Factors for Lactation Mastitis

  • C. Fetherston
  • Medicine
    Journal of human lactation : official journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
  • 1998
The research undertaken in this study utilized a case-control group nested within a prospective cohort which was followed for the first 3 months postpartum. Mothers with mastitis and their controls

Is Nipple Piercing Compatible with Breastfeeding?

  • Jahaan Martin
  • Medicine
    Journal of human lactation : official journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
  • 2004
Sasha works as a lactation consultant for a county public health program and conducts a breastfeeding class at the local high school program for pregnant teens, but cannot find any evidence-based information regarding the effect of nipple piercing on the breastfeeding process to guide her advice.

Ankyloglossia: assessment, incidence, and effect of frenuloplasty on the breastfeeding dyad.

Careful assessment of the lingual function, followed by frenuloplasty when indicated, seems to be a successful approach to the facilitation of breastfeeding in the presence of significant ankyloglossia.

Effect of Intervention to Improve Breastfeeding Technique on the Frequency of Exclusive Breastfeeding and Lactation-Related Problems

A single intervention at maternity was not sufficient to improve breastfeeding technique, increase exclusive breastfeeding rates, and reduce the incidence of breastfeeding problems during the first month.

Human milk anti-inflammatory component contents during acute mastitis.

Mastitis milk has the same anti-inflammatory components and characteristics of normal milk, with elevations in selected components/activities that may help protect the nursing infant from developing clinical illness due to feeding on mastitis milk.