Management of malignant esophagotracheal fistulas with airway stenting and double stenting.

@article{Freitag1996ManagementOM,
  title={Management of malignant esophagotracheal fistulas with airway stenting and double stenting.},
  author={Lutz Freitag and E Tekolf and Helmut G Steveling and T J Donovan and Georgios Stamatis},
  journal={Chest},
  year={1996},
  volume={110 5},
  pages={
          1155-60
        }
}
Prognosis of inoperable or recurrent esophageal carcinoma is, at best, poor. Once an esophagotracheal fistula has developed, the overall condition of the patient declines rapidly. Aspiration pneumonia and severe coughing are common. The introduction of esophageal tubes does not always seal the fistula sufficiently and may compromise the airway causing stridor and dyspnea. In 30 patients (25 male, 5 female; age 23 to 74 years; mean, 56 years) with very large fistulas and airway problems, we… CONTINUE READING

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