Management of intractable hiccups: an illustrative case and review.

  title={Management of intractable hiccups: an illustrative case and review.},
  author={Camielle Rizzo and Caroline A Vitale and Marcos Montagnini},
  journal={The American journal of hospice & palliative care},
  volume={31 2},
Often thought of as a benign and self-limited condition, hiccups can become persistent or intractable, and thus be associated with substantial morbidity and distress. In such cases, an underlying etiology is often present, and may be overlooked. Debilitating hiccups can present a major challenge to optimal symptom management. Various causes of protracted hiccups have been identified including metabolic abnormalities, central nervous system pathology, malignancy, medications, and disorders… CONTINUE READING
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