Management of human and animal bite wound infection: An overview

  title={Management of human and animal bite wound infection: An overview},
  author={Itzhak Brook},
  journal={Current Infectious Disease Reports},
  • I. Brook
  • Published 18 August 2009
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Current Infectious Disease Reports
Animal and human bite wounds can lead to serious infections. The organisms recovered generally originate from the biter’s oral cavity and the victim’s skin flora. Anaerobes were isolated from more than two thirds of human and animal bite infections. Streptococcus pyogenes is often recovered in human bites, Pasteurella multocida in animal bites, Eikenella corrodens in animal and human, Capnocytophaga spp, Neisseria weaveri, Weeksella zoohelcum, Neisseria canis, Staphylococcus intermedius… 
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Dog and cat bites.
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First case of a dog bite wound infection caused by Streptococcus minor in human
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Skin and soft‐tissue infections
The epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and diagnostic techniques, including molecular biological techniques, used for SSTIs are reviewed, with a focus on the immunocompromised host, such as patients with cellular immunodeficiency, HIV, and diabetic foot infection.


Role of anaerobic bacteria in bite-wound infections.
Initial, empiric antimicrobial therapy for bite wounds should be directed against potential anaerobic as well as aerobic pathogens.
Bacteriologic analysis of infected dog and cat bites. Emergency Medicine Animal Bite Infection Study Group.
Infected dog and cat bites have a complex microbiologic mix that usually includes pasteurella species but may also include many other organisms not routinely identified by clinical microbiology laboratories and not previously recognized as bite-wound pathogens.
Microbiology of human and animal bite wounds in children
  • I. Brook
  • Biology, Medicine
    The Pediatric infectious disease journal
  • 1987
This study demonstrates the polymicrobial aerobic-anaerobic nature of human and animal bite wounds and isolates in both types of wounds were Staphylococcus aureus, anaerobic cocci and Bacteroides spp.
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Pig bite injuries and infection: report of seven human cases
It is suggested that a course of broad-spectrum antibiotics should be given as part of the initial treatment when patients present with the more servere pig bite injuries.
Catfish-related injury and infection: report of two cases and review of the literature.
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A total of 33 of 34 patients with human bites and clenched-fist injuries and 33 of 39 patients with animal bites had aerobic or facultative bacteria isolated from their wounds, with the most frequent isolate being alpha-hemolytic streptococci.
Actinobacillus spp. and related bacteria in infected wounds of humans bitten by horses and sheep
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