Management of empyema after pulmonary resection remains a challenging problem. Along with mandatory drainage of the thoracic cavity and investigations to rule out bronchopleural fistula, a reliable method of thoracic cavity closure is needed. The open thoracic window and Eloesser flap techniques rarely represent definitive therapy. Muscle flap and thoracoplasty procedures may provide well-vascularized tissue to close bronchopleural fistula and obliterate the empyema cavity, but they are quite complex and involve significant patient morbidity. We report a case of empyema without bronchopleural fistula after lobectomy in which the vacuum-assisted closure device was used to achieve complete wound healing after open drainage.