Cross-platform assessment of genomic imbalance confirms the clinical relevance of genomic complexity and reveals loci with potential pathogenic roles in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common non-Hodgkin lymphoma. While CHOP was the standard combination chemotherapy for 25 years, the incorporation of the CD20 antibody rituximab at the beginning of this century has considerably improved the outcome of all patients with DLBCL: Depending on the prognostic subgroup, only half to one-third of the patients die of their DLBCL compared to pre-rituximab era. Treatment is usually tailored according to the individual risk profile of a DLBCL patient according to the International Prognostic Index (IPI). Assignment of DLBCL according to the gene expression profile into DLBLC originating from a germinal center B cell (GC type) or from an activated B cell (ABC type) has provided novel insights into the pathogenesis of the respective DLBCL, identified molecules which are indispensable for the survival of the lymphoma cells and provided targets for novel "targeted therapies" drugs. Incorporating these new drugs into combination immunochemotherapy or substituting single drugs in the R-CHOP combination will result in even higher cure rates of and/or less toxicity for patients with DLBCL in the decade to come.