Management of chronic ventilatory insufficiency with electrical diaphragm pacing.


We have had experience with diaphragm pacing in 24 patients at the Toronto Western Hospital. Fourteen patients have undergone bilateral implants to treat chronic ventilatory insufficiency (CVI) caused by traumatic tetraplegia at the C1/2 level (eight patients), neurogenic apnea (five) and one case of neonatal apnea. Unilateral stimulators for nocturnal… (More)