Mammatus Clouds as a Response to Cloud-Base Radiative Heating

@article{Garrett2010MammatusCA,
  title={Mammatus Clouds as a Response to Cloud-Base Radiative Heating},
  author={Timothy J. Garrett and Clinton Todd Schmidt and Stina Kihlgren and C{\'e}line Cornet},
  journal={Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences},
  year={2010},
  volume={67},
  pages={3891-3903}
}
Mammatus clouds are the pouchlike lobes seen hanging from mid- to high-level clouds. They can look quite dramatic, but they are also interesting because they provide clues to what controls anvil cirrus dynamic evolution. Thus far, the most commonly accepted explanation for observed subsidence of mammatus lobes is that they are driven by evaporative cooling of precipitation, accelerated by mixing with dry subcloud air. Here, an alternative explanation is proposed: radiative temperature contrasts… 
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