Mammalian fertilization, IVF, ICSI: physiological/molecular parameters, clinical application.


Fertilization is associated with several phenomena: rearrangement of euplastic cytoskeleton, intra-cellular communication, cellular polarity, and the release of a variety of complex systems. Several criteria are used to score fertilization. On the day after fertilization, oocytes are cleaned of cumulus and examined for presence of 2 pronuclei and any… (More)