Mammal richness and diversity in a Himalayan hotspot: the role of protected areas in conserving Bhutan’s mammals

@article{Dorji2019MammalRA,
  title={Mammal richness and diversity in a Himalayan hotspot: the role of protected areas in conserving Bhutan’s mammals},
  author={Sangay Dorji and Rajanathan Rajaratnam and Karl Vernes},
  journal={Biodiversity and Conservation},
  year={2019},
  volume={28},
  pages={3277 - 3297}
}
More than 51% of Bhutan is in a protected area (PA) network and our study demonstrates its effectiveness in conserving large and medium mammal species. We conducted camera trapping in Bhutan’s PAs, biological corridors (BCs) and intervening non-protected areas (NPAs) to investigate the richness and diversity of mammals, and assess the network’s efficacy in protecting mammals. 1858 camera traps were deployed within 1129 5-km × 5-km grids over 536 days between 2014 and 2015, resulting in 148,598… 
Non-protected areas demanding equitable conservation strategies as of protected areas in the Central Himalayan region.
TLDR
The GLMM revealed that the proportions of oak and bamboo in the forest, percentage canopy cover and camera trap operational days were significant predictors of species richness in the study, and it is suggested Non-PA forest of Darjeeling should be given equal conservation importance as to the PA.
Habitat characteristics or protected area size: What is more important for the composition and diversity of mammals in nonprotected areas?
TLDR
To establish conservation policies for nonprotected areas, habitat characteristics should be of prime concern, followed by increasing the size of protected areas to provide effective refuge areas for species conservation.
Sawfly Fauna (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) in the Mordovia State Nature Reserve (Central Russia)
Protected areas are biodiversity hotspots of the world. Knowledge of their overall biodiversity is essential for nature conservation. Sawflies are an integral part of terrestrial ecosystems; being
Waning grasslands: a quantitative temporal evaluation of the grassland habitats across human-dominated upper Gangetic Plains, north India
TLDR
The current and historical status of the grasslands using a combination of intensive field surveys and GIS tools across one of the most fertile, human-dominated region: the upper Gangetic Plains of north India is evaluated.
Prioritizing areas for conservation outside the existing protected area network in Bhutan: the use of multi-species, multi-scale habitat suitability models
Understanding the environmental and anthropogenic factors influencing habitat selection of multiple species is a foundation for quantifying human impacts on biodiversity and developing effective
Conservation threats to the endangered golden langur (Trachypithecus geei, Khajuria 1956) in Bhutan
TLDR
This paper classified and rank all direct threats to the endangered golden langur in Bhutan in order to provide a practical guide to future conservation of the species.
Understanding Human–Canid Conflict and Coexistence: Socioeconomic Correlates Underlying Local Attitude and Support Toward the Endangered Dhole (Cuon alpinus) in Bhutan
Understanding human–canid conflict and coexistence must focus on documenting human–canid interactions and identifying the underlying drivers of reciprocal human attitude which enables appropriate
Innovations in Camera Trapping Technology and Approaches: The Integration of Citizen Science and Artificial Intelligence
TLDR
More efforts to combine citizen science with AI are proposed to improve classification accuracy and efficiency while maintaining public involvement in camera trap research.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 73 REFERENCES
Large anthropogenic impacts on a charismatic small carnivore: Insights from distribution surveys of red panda Ailurus fulgens in Nepal
TLDR
It is suggested that long-term persistence of red pandas in this reserve and elsewhere across the species’ range will require preventing commercial extraction of bamboo, coupled with case-specific regulation of anthropogenic exploitation of red panda habitats.
Royal Manas National Park, Bhutan: a hot spot for wild felids
Abstract The non-uniformity of the distribution of biodiversity makes allocation of the limited resources available for conservation of biodiversity a difficult task. Approaches such as biodiversity
First structured camera-trap surveys in Karen State, Myanmar, reveal high diversity of globally threatened mammals
TLDR
The area is important for the conservation of a globally threatened mammal community that is in decline across the majority of its range, and urgent action is thus needed to assist the Karen people to protect one of South-east Asia's last intact rich and diverse ecosystems.
Mammals of the high altitudes of western Arunachal Pradesh, eastern Himalaya: an assessment of threats and conservation needs
The high altitudes of Arunachal Pradesh, India, located in the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, remain zoologically unexplored and unprotected. We report results of recent mammal surveys in the
Surveys in southern Myanmar indicate global importance for tigers and biodiversity
TLDR
The continued presence of tigers in the southern Tanintharyi Region is successfully confirmed and a minimum of five individuals are individually identified in the Lenya Proposed National Park, based on their stripe pattern.
Diversity patterns in savanna grassland communities: implications for conservation strategies in a biodiversity hotspot
  • M. Sankaran
  • Environmental Science
    Biodiversity and Conservation
  • 2008
TLDR
Differences in the structuring of diversity across elevations, and in herbivore use of grasslands, suggest that conservation efforts can be partitioned differentially across locations, specifically targeting low and high elevation grasslands in the reserve.
Biodiversity in the Himalayas - Trends, Perceptions, and Impacts of Climate Change
Mountains are not only remarkably diverse, they are also important globally as centres of biological diversity. The greatest value of mountains is probably as sources of all the world’s major rivers,
...
...