Maltreatment Exposure, Brain Structure, and Fear Conditioning in Children and Adolescents

  title={Maltreatment Exposure, Brain Structure, and Fear Conditioning in Children and Adolescents},
  author={Katie A. McLaughlin and Margaret A. Sheridan and Andrea L. Gold and Andrea Duys and Hilary K. Lambert and Matthew R Peverill and Charlotte M Heleniak and Tomer Shechner and Zuzanna Wojcieszak and Daniel S. Pine},
Alterations in learning processes and the neural circuitry that supports fear conditioning and extinction represent mechanisms through which trauma exposure might influence risk for psychopathology. Few studies examine how trauma or neural structure relates to fear conditioning in children. Children (n=94) aged 6–18 years, 40.4% (n=38) with exposure to maltreatment (physical abuse, sexual abuse, or domestic violence), completed a fear conditioning paradigm utilizing blue and yellow bells as… CONTINUE READING
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