Malnutrition-inflammation complex syndrome in dialysis patients: causes and consequences.

@article{KalantarZadeh2003MalnutritioninflammationCS,
  title={Malnutrition-inflammation complex syndrome in dialysis patients: causes and consequences.},
  author={Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh and T. Alp Ikizler and Gladys Block and Morrel M Avram and Joel David Kopple},
  journal={American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation},
  year={2003},
  volume={42 5},
  pages={
          864-81
        }
}
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) and inflammation are common and usually concurrent in maintenance dialysis patients. Many factors that appear to lead to these 2 conditions overlap, as do assessment tools and such criteria for detecting them as hypoalbuminemia. Both these conditions are related to poor dialysis outcome. Low appetite and a hypercatabolic state are among common features. PEM in dialysis patients has been suggested to be secondary to inflammation; however, the evidence is not… CONTINUE READING
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