Malignant tracheo-esophageal fistula: use of esophageal endoprosthesis.

Malignant tracheo-esophageal fistula (TEF) is a serious complication of cancer arising usually in the esophagus, lung, or tracheobronchial tree. Repeated aspiration and pneumonia lead to rapid deterioration and death. The prognosis is dismal and curative resections are curiosities. Surgical bypass of the lesion has been performed but is associated with 25… CONTINUE READING