Malignant Narcissism in Relation to Clinical Change in Borderline Personality Disorder: An Exploratory Study

@article{Lenzenweger2018MalignantNI,
  title={Malignant Narcissism in Relation to Clinical Change in Borderline Personality Disorder: An Exploratory Study},
  author={Mark F. Lenzenweger and John F. Clarkin and Eve Caligor and Nicole M. Cain and Otto Kernberg},
  journal={Psychopathology},
  year={2018},
  volume={51},
  pages={318 - 325}
}
Background: Normal and pathological narcissism have been the focus of considerable theoretical discussion and empirical research in recent years in personality psychology and psychopathology. Kernberg [1-4] has argued that there is a particularly dysfunctional and impairing variant of narcissistic disturbance known as malignant narcissism. This exploratory study sought to develop, using established assessment methods, a dimensional measure of malignant narcissism that incorporates the key… 

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