Male whiptail lizards adjust energetically costly mate guarding to male–male competition and female reproductive value

@article{Ancona2010MaleWL,
  title={Male whiptail lizards adjust energetically costly mate guarding to male–male competition and female reproductive value},
  author={Sergio Ancona and Hugh Drummond and Jaime Zald{\'i}var-Rae},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2010},
  volume={79},
  pages={75-82}
}
Reproductive behavior of Spix’s Whiptails in the wild: understanding the costs and benefits of mate-guarding
TLDR
By accepting mate-guarding, females do not appear to have energetic gains and lose the advantage of cryptic mate choice but can benefit from access to high-quality males and protection from harassment.
Effects of male size and mate quality on male-male contest in the hermit crab Pagurus filholi
TLDR
Results suggest that a male P. filholi can assess the quality of female it is guarding and remember its assessment for at least a short period of time, and asymmetry between contestants in this memory store for female quality could affect the process and the outcome of male-male contests in P. Filholi.
Mate-guarding constrains feeding activity but not energetic status of wild male long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis)
TLDR
It is hypothesized that the energetic costs of mate-guarding vary inter-specifically depending on the degree of seasonality and that males of non-strictly seasonal species might be better adapted to maintain balanced energetic condition year-round.
Lack of Evidence for Energetic Costs of Mate-Guarding in Wild Male Assamese Macaques (Macaca assamensis)
TLDR
The results do not support the idea that seasonally breeding males in marginal habitats face energetic costs of mate-guarding, and it is suggested that though these costs may be found in species where strength, size, and mass predict rank, mating, and reproductive success, males may not engage in costly mate-GUarding in species such as Assamese macaques.
Male mate choice as differential investment in contest competition is affected by female ornament expression
TLDR
It is suggested that males adjust their energetic investment during intrasexual competitive interactions in response to variation in the contested female which, assuming males gain direct or indirect benefits from their strategic allocation of reproductive effort, fits the modern understanding of male mate choice.
Strategic male mating behaviour in Argiope lobata
An Essential Role of the Arginine Vasotocin System in Mate-Guarding Behaviors in Triadic Relationships of Medaka Fish (Oryzias latipes)
TLDR
It is shown that male medaka fish prominently exhibit mate-guarding behavior and that there are redundant systems to activate V1a2 and that endogenous ligands activating the receptor may differ according to the social context.
Mate guarding and frequent copulation in birds: A meta‐analysis of their relationship to paternity and male phenotype
TLDR
A significant positive correlation between both presumed paternity protection behaviors and paternity share is found, however, the relationship is weak and a negative correlation between male quality and paternity protection is found.
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References

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Studying potential antipredatory costs of mate guarding by simulating predators searching for and approaching pairs of lizards in the field found males frequently followed females by scanning visually and scent trailing, exposing themselves to the predator while the female hid.
The effectiveness of mate guarding by male black-throated blue warblers
TLDR
Examination of mate guarding by male black-throated blue warblers showed that males that guarded their mates more closely were less likely to have extrapair young in their nests, and the experimental detention of a male for 1 h during the fertility risk period increased the probability that a brood would contain extrapairYoung.
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Costs of mate guarding in Japanese beetles, a pest species which exhibits post-copulatory mate guarding during which the guarding male cannot feed, are examined to suggest that because guarding males are unable to feed, they suffer energetic and thermoregulatory costs that appear to limit the time that they can guard a female.
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