Male philopatry, extra-pack copulations and inbreeding avoidance in Ethiopian wolves (Canis simensis)

@article{SilleroZubiri1996MalePE,
  title={Male philopatry, extra-pack copulations and inbreeding avoidance in Ethiopian wolves (Canis simensis)},
  author={Claudio Sillero-Zubiri and Dada Gottelli and David W. Macdonald},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={1996},
  volume={38},
  pages={331-340}
}
Abstract Monogamous pairings have been regarded as the fundamental social unit in all canid species, including those living in packs. In Ethiopian wolves, however, habitat saturation limits dispersal, which raises the question of whether they avoid inbreeding and, if so, by what mechanism. In two study areas Ethiopian wolf packs had stable memberships. Each pack comprised two to eight adult males, one to three adult females, including a clear-cut dominant individual of each sex, together with… 

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