Male breast cancer.

  title={Male breast cancer.},
  author={Ian S. Fentiman and Alain Fourquet and Gabriel N Hortobagyi},
  volume={367 9510},
Occurrence of male breast cancer, a rare disease, peaks at age 71 years. Familial cases usually have BRCA2 rather than BRCA1 mutations. Occupational risks include high temperature environments and exhaust fumes, but electromagnetic fields have not been implicated. Hyperoestrogenisation resulting from Klinefelter's, gonadal dysfunction, obesity, or excess alcohol, all increase risk as does exposure to radiation, whereas gynaecomastia does not. Presentation is usually a lump or nipple inversion… CONTINUE READING
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A geneenvironment interaction between occupation and BRCA 1 / BRCA 2 mutations in male breast cancer

  • D Palli, G Masala, R Mariani-Costantini
  • Eur J Cancer
  • 2005

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