Male and Female Raters' Stereotyping of Male and Female Physiques

  title={Male and Female Raters' Stereotyping of Male and Female Physiques},
  author={Richard M. Ryckman and Michael A. Robbins and Linda M. Kaczor and Joel A. Gold},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={244 - 251}
College males and females attributed a variety of personality traits to male and female endomorphs, mesomorphs, and ectomorphs. The data provided strong support for research conducted over the past three decades which shows that individuals possess highly favorable stereotypes of mesomorphs and highly negative stereotypes of endomorphs. However, whereas most of the early research found that individuals have generally negative stereotypes of ectomorphs, they were seen instead in generally… 
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As predicted, female body builders were perceived generally as being more likely to engage in traditionally masculine sex-role behaviors in their dating and marriage relationships than female non-body builders.
Public Self-Consciousness and Physique Stereotyping
Previous research in the body stereotyping literature employing personality trait ratings of endomorphs, mesomorphs, and ectomorphs had failed to find evidence of an interaction between rater
Traditional vs. nontraditional women and men's perceptions of the personalities and physiques of ideal women and men
Traditional and nontraditional women and men's perceptions of ideal people, in terms of both traits and physiques, were assessed using 80 male and 80 female Caucasian undergraduates as study
Perceptions of the Social and Personal Characteristics of Hypermuscular Women and of the Men Who Love Them
A predominately European American sample of middle class college students rated hypermuscular female bodybuilders and the men who were romantically involved with them on measures of perceived gender
Face-ism as a Determinant of Interpersonal Perceptions: The Influence of Context on Facial Prominence Effects
The influence of facial prominence on traitratings made about videotaped men and women described aspursuing either stereotypically masculine or femininecareers was examined. Most participants (N =
Exerciser stereotypes of female weight trainers
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the applicability of the exerciser stereotype in a female weight training population, in addition to the influence of gender and impression
Assessment of the full content of physique stereotypes with a free-response format.
The fact that raters listed trait antonyms within each of the three major physiques in Study 1, suggests the possibility of unique subtypes within the global stereotypes.
Judging the gym: Stereotypes of female weight trainers
The purpose of the present study was to investigate stereotypes of a female weight training population, in addition to the influence of an observer's gender and impression motivation on ratings of
The influence of culture on perceptions of the female exerciser stereotype
An exerciser stereotype in which exercisers receive more positive ratings on physical and personality attributes than those described as non-exercisers and control targets has been identified in
Gender and Ethnic Differences in Obesity‐Related Behaviors and Attitudes In a College Sample
This study looked at gender and Black/White differences for a number of variables related to attitudes toward obesity in a sample of 650 college students. The overall stereotypes of overweight


Some Female Stereotypes of Male Body Build-Behavior Relations
  • R. Lerner
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Perceptual and motor skills
  • 1969
90 female college students assigned items from a list of 30 phrases, which described various personality traits and social behaviors, to photographs representing an adult male endomorph, mesomorph, and ectomorph to support the hypothesis that a common body build-behavior stereotype exists in a child's socializing environment.
The development of stereotyped expectancies of body build-behavior relations.
50 males, ranging in age from 10 through 20 years, assigned items from a list of 30 phrases, which described various personal and social behaviors, to photographs representing an adult male
Social stereotyping of male and female body types with differing facial expressions by elementary school age boys and girls.
  • D. W. Felker
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Journal of psychology
  • 1972
Social Stereotyping of Male and Female Body Types with Differing Facial Expressions by Elementary School Age Boys and Girls by Elementary school age boys and Girls is studied.
A study of social stereotype of body image in children.
  • J. R. Staffieri
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1967
It is reasonable to assume that the individual who is the recipient of statements which are based on another per- son's perception of his body is likely to incorpo- rate these perceptions into his own body concept.
A reexamination of body build stereotypes
Abstract Using semantic differential and discriminant analysis techniques, the study sought to determine (a) the existence of body build stereotypes, (b) the extent of identification with these
The relationships of age, sex, ethnicity, and weight to stereotypes of obesity and self perception.
Self evaluations suggested that fifth graders and American Indians were lowest in self concept on some scales, consistent with other research.
Obesity — Its Possible Effect on College Acceptance
The results indicated that there was less obesity in the colleges than in the high schools, and no differences were found in academic criteria and application rates between obese and nonobese high-school students.
the development of body-build stereotypes in males.