Male and Female Mating Behavior is Dependent on Social Context in the Butterfly Bicyclus anynana

Abstract

Reproduction is often more costly to females than it is to males, leading to the evolution of ornamented or competitive males and choosy females. Reproduction costs to females, however, can be reduced through nuptial gifts provided by males. These gifts, by increasing female survival or fecundity, can promote the evolution of mutual mate choice… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s10905-014-9441-9

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