Male Pregnancy and Biparental Immune Priming

@article{Roth2012MalePA,
  title={Male Pregnancy and Biparental Immune Priming},
  author={Olivia Roth and Verena Klein and Anne Beemelmanns and J{\"o}rn Peter Scharsack and Thorsten B. H. Reusch},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  year={2012},
  volume={180},
  pages={802 - 814}
}
In vertebrates, maternal transfer of immunity via the eggs or placenta provides offspring with crucial information on prevailing pathogens and parasites. Males contribute little to such transgenerational immune priming, either because they do not share the environment and parasite pressure of the offspring or because sperm are too small for transfer of immunity. In the teleost group of Syngnathids (pipefish, seahorses, and sea dragons), males brood female eggs in a placenta-like structure. Such… 
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