Male‐biased Demand Shocks and Women's Labour Force Participation: Evidence from Large Oil Field Discoveries

  title={Male‐biased Demand Shocks and Women's Labour Force Participation: Evidence from Large Oil Field Discoveries},
  author={Stephan E. Maurer and Andrei V. Potlogea},
We study whether male-biased demand shocks affect women's labor force participation (LFP), using major oil field discoveries in the US South between 1900 and 1940. We find that oil wealth has a zero net effect on female LFP due to two opposing channels. Increased male wages lead to a higher marriage rate of young women, which could have depressed female LFP. But at the same time, oil wealth also increases demand for female labor in services, which counterbalances the marriage effect. 
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