Malakula Internal Subgrouping: Phonological Evidence

  title={Malakula Internal Subgrouping: Phonological Evidence},
  author={John D. Lynch},
  journal={Oceanic Linguistics},
  pages={399 - 431}
  • J. Lynch
  • Published 8 December 2016
  • Linguistics
  • Oceanic Linguistics
Abstract:The languages of Malakula belong to the Central Vanuatu subgroup of Southern Oceanic. Although many of them are not well described grammatically or lexicographically, there is sufficient information available to attempt a preliminary classification. Building on earlier work by Tryon and Clark, evidence of a phonological nature will be presented below to show that there appear to be three major lower-order groupings of Malakula languages: a Northern subgroup, an Eastern linkage, and a… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Language Contexts: Malua (Malekula Island, Vanuatu)

The Malua language is one of more than 30 endangered Oceanic languages spoken on Malekula Island in Vanuatu. Malua is locally understood to have two varieties, one spoken in Malua Bay and the other

Writing Lamap: the representation of person markers

Primary school teachers have faced a number of representational issues when developing a standard written form of the Lamap language of Malekula Island, Vanuatu. The issue discussed in this paper

The Nisvai Corpus of Oral Narrative Practices from Malekula (Vanuatu) and its Associated Language Resources

A corpus of oral narratives from the Nisvai linguistic community and four associated language resources are presented, made of 32 annotated narratives segmented into intonation units.

Ahamb (Malekula, Vanuatu) - Language Contexts

This article is published under a Creative Commons License CC-BY-NC (Attribution-NonCommercial). The licence permits users to use, reproduce, disseminate or display the article provided that the

Narrer une nabol : La production des textes nisvais en fonction de l'âge et de la situation d'énonciation, Malekula, Vanuatu. (Narrating a nabol: the production of Nisvai texts according to age and the situation of enunciation, Malekula, Vanuatu)

Cette these etudie la production des nabol, des pratiques narratives de la communaute linguistique nisvaie, situee dans le sud-est de Malekula, au Vanuatu, pour montrer que les nabol sont produites en fonction de the situation d'enonciation and d'injeux sociaux locaux lies a la classe d'âge of l'orateur.

A cross-linguistic database of phonetic transcription systems

Initial efforts to link different phonetic notation systems to a catalogue of speech sounds are presented, with the help of a database accompanied by a software framework that uses a limited but easily extendable set of non-binary feature values to allow for quick and convenient registration of different transcription systems.



Final Syllables in Northern Malakula

Although nearly all languages of Malakula in central Vanuatu regularly lose Proto-Oceanic (POc) word-final vowels, there is a group of four languages spoken along the north coast—Nese, Vovo, Botovro,

Vowel Loss in Tirax and the History of the Apicolabial Shift

There has been speculation in the literature as to whether the shift from bilabial to apicolabial articulation (and often further to dental) is a sound change inherited by all of those northern

*Leo Tuai: A Comparative Lexical Study of North and Central Vanuatu Languages

The northern and central islands of the Republic of Vanuatu are home to slightly less that one hundred languages. The core of this book, chapter 5, is the reconstructed lexicon of the putative common

Liquid Vocalization and Loss in Central Vanuatu

A number of languages in central Vanuatu show merger of Proto-Oceanic *l and *r, but also show a split in the merged phoneme. Although reflected as a liquid in certain environments, especially before


have for some time presented linguists with difficulties in accounting for their distribution and behavior. These patterns do not appear to be directly derivable from an original simple oral-nasal

Where *R they all? The Geography and History of *R-loss in Southern Oceanic Languages

Some twenty years ago, Paul Geraghty offered a large-scale survey of the retention and loss of Proto-Oceanic *R across Eastern Oceanic languages, and concluded that *R was "lost in proportion to

The Oceanic Languages

This book discusses the grammar sketches of Oceanic languages, by subgroup, and describes the construction of Proto Oceanic, a reconstructed language based on letters of the Latin alphabet.

New Hebrides languages: An internal classification

79) lists West Ambrym bal 'hawk', which is the only occurrence I am aware of outside Malakula

  • 2009

West Ambrym, and Araki. It is also found in Malakula, and forms like Naman nu/mal, Tape nə/mwal, Uripiv mal, and Unua na/mar meaning '(high) chief' all suggest doublet forms with *bala

  • 2009