MalAvi: a public database of malaria parasites and related haemosporidians in avian hosts based on mitochondrial cytochrome b lineages

@article{Bensch2009MalAviAP,
  title={MalAvi: a public database of malaria parasites and related haemosporidians in avian hosts based on mitochondrial cytochrome b lineages},
  author={Staffan Bensch and Olof Hellgren and Javier P{\'e}rez‐Tris},
  journal={Molecular Ecology Resources},
  year={2009},
  volume={9}
}
Research in avian blood parasites has seen a remarkable increase since the introduction of polymerase chain reaction-based methods for parasite identification. [] Key Result Initial data include a list of host species and localities, as well as genetic markers that can be used for phylogenetical analyses. The database is free to download and will be regularly updated by the authors. Prior to publication of new lineages, we encourage researchers to assign names to match the existing database. We anticipate…

The global biogeography of avian haemosporidian parasites is characterized by local diversification and intercontinental dispersal

TLDR
The results suggest that avian haemosporidian parasites have faced few geographic barriers to dispersal over their evolutionary history, and likely contributed to the majority of the unexplained variance.

Genomic sequence capture of haemosporidian parasites: Methods and prospects for enhanced study of host-parasite evolution

TLDR
A recently-developed sequence capture method is extended to obtain hundreds of haemosporidian nuclear loci from wild bird samples, which typically have low levels of infection, or parasitemia, and greatly improve the understanding of parasite speciation, biogeography, and evolutionary dynamics.

Delineation of the Genera Haemoproteus and Plasmodium Using RNA-Seq and Multi-gene Phylogenetics

TLDR
The transcriptome of Haemoproteus columbae is described and its phylogenetic position recovered from a multi-gene dataset (600 genes) is investigated, which strengthens the hypothesis of genus Haemproteus being monophyletic.

Investigation of avian haemosporidian parasites from raptor birds in Turkey, with molecular characterisation and microscopic confirmation.

TLDR
As one of the first studies to investigate blood parasites from non-passerine birds in the Central Anatolia Region of Turkey, this study provides important new information on the phylogenetic relationships and genetic diversity of avian haemosporidian parasites from raptor birds.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES

VARIATION IN HOST SPECIFICITY BETWEEN SPECIES OF AVIAN HEMOSPORIDIAN PARASITES: EVIDENCE FROM PARASITE MORPHOLOGY AND CYTOCHROME B GENE SEQUENCES

A parasite's shift to a new host may have serious evolutionary consequences, since host switching usually is associated with a change in virulence and may lead to the evolution of emerging diseases.

A MOLECULAR PHYLOGENY OF MALARIAL PARASITES RECOVERED FROM CYTOCHROME b GENE SEQUENCES

TLDR
A phylogeny of haemosporidian parasites was recovered using mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences from 52 species in 4 genera, including parasite species infecting mammals, birds, and reptiles from over a wide geographic range, suggesting a more ancient and complex evolutionary history.

Host specificity in avian blood parasites: a study of Plasmodium and Haemoproteus mitochondrial DNA amplified from birds

TLDR
A fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene of avian malaria was amplified from blood samples of 12 species of passerine birds from the genera Acrocephalus, Phylloscopus and Parus, finding two to four different parasite mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotypes in four bird species.

A NEW PCR ASSAY FOR SIMULTANEOUS STUDIES OF LEUCOCYTOZOON, PLASMODIUM, AND HAEMOPROTEUS FROM AVIAN BLOOD

TLDR
A new polymerase chain reaction (PCR) protocol is presented that enables simultaneous typing of species from the 3 most common avian blood parasite genera (Haemoproteus, Plasmodium, and Leucocytozoon) and provides an easy, rapid, and accurate method to separate and investigate these parasites within a blood sample.

Diagnosing genetically diverse avian malarial infections using mixed-sequence analysis and TA-cloning

TLDR
A simple and reasonably accurate method based on the analysis of parasite cytochrome b DNA sequences for detecting and resolving multiple infections in birds harbouring several malarial parasites, which was applied to wild birds and to experimentally created mixes with varying proportion of two parasites.

Prevalence and differential host‐specificity of two avian blood parasite genera in the Australo‐Papuan region

TLDR
The host distribution and host‐specificity of these parasites in birds from two relatively understudied and isolated locations are examined and suggest that lineages of Plasmodium are more likely to form evolutionarily–stable associations with novel hosts.

LINKAGE BETWEEN NUCLEAR AND MITOCHONDRIAL DNA SEQUENCES IN AVIAN MALARIA PARASITES: MULTIPLE CASES OF CRYPTIC SPECIATION?

TLDR
This work sequenced part of a fast-evolving nuclear gene, dihydrofolate reductase– thymidylate synthase (DHFR-TS), and demonstrates that most of the parasite mitochondrial DNA lineages are associated with unique gene copies at this locus.

Host associations and evolutionary relationships of avian blood parasites from West Africa.

Global phylogeographic limits of Hawaii's avian malaria

TLDR
It is shown that Hawaii's avian malaria, which can cause high mortality and is a major limiting factor for many species of native passerines, represents just one of the numerous lineages composing the morphological parasite species.

Cross‐species infection of blood parasites between resident and migratory songbirds in Africa

TLDR
The mix of areas of transmission in several branches of the phylogenetic tree suggests that transmission of haemosporidian parasites to songbirds has arisen repeatedly in Africa and Europe.