Making the Rules of Sports Fairer

  title={Making the Rules of Sports Fairer},
  author={Steven J. Brams and Mehmet S. Ismail},
  journal={SIAM Review},
The rules of many sports are not fair—they do not ensure that equally skilled 3 competitors have the same probability of winning. As an example, the penalty shootout in soccer, 4 wherein a coin toss determines which team kicks first on all five penalty kicks, gives a substantial 5 advantage to the first-kicking team, both in theory and practice. We show… CONTINUE READING