Corpus ID: 33913985

Making Sense of Digestive Enzymes

  title={Making Sense of Digestive Enzymes},
  author={D. Wolfson and S. Olmstead and D. Meiss and J. Ralston},
Enzymes are functional proteins essential to all living systems. In humans, enzymes act as catalysts for numerous chemical reactions including the digestion of dietary macronutrients. In the early part of the twentieth century, use of supplemental digestive enzymes was proposed as a means of compensating for the loss of enzyme activity in modern diets. As with the loss of micronutrients like vitamins and minerals from highly refined and processed foods, the loss of enzymes was thought to be an… Expand
Effect of Exogenous Enzymes on Ruminal degradation of Feed and Animal Performance: A review
The better understanding of the production techniques, enzyme activity, mode of enzyme action and application techniques of commercial non starch polysaccharidase enzymes can help the scientific community for competent utilization of these biotechnological products for efficient utilization of the available feed resources. Expand


Enzyme Nutrition: The Food Enzyme Concept
The body regains its strength and vigor, its capacity to maintain its normal weight, fight disease, and heal itself is enhanced, and the most vital nutritional discovery since that of vitamins and minerals-food enzymes is presented. Expand
Conservation of digestive enzymes.
Experiments suggest that digestive enzymes can be absorbed into blood, reaccumulated by the pancreas, and reutilized, instead of being reduced to their constituent amino acids in the intestines. Expand
Use of Exogenous Fibrolytic Enzymes to Improve Feed Utilization by Ruminants
Research has demonstrated that supplementing dairy cow and feedlot cattle diets with fiberdegrading enzymes has significant potential to improve feed utilization and animal performance. Ruminant feedExpand
Combination enzyme therapy for gastric digestion of dietary gluten in patients with celiac sprue.
By combining 2 enzymes with gastric activity and complementary substrate specificity, it should be possible to increase the safe threshold of ingested gluten, thereby ameliorating the burden of a highly restricted diet for patients with celiac sprue. Expand
Dietary supplementation with multienzyme preparations improves nutrient utilization and growth performance in weaned pigs.
It is evident from this study that the use of enzyme preparations may allow for cost-effective and environmentally friendly formulation of young pig diets. Expand
Lipase Supplementation Therapy: Standards, Alternatives, and Perspectives
The pathophysiologic characteristics of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, prerequisites for use of alternative lipase sources as well as currently available lipases of nonporcine origin, and new developments are discussed. Expand
Highly efficient gluten degradation with a newly identified prolyl endoprotease: implications for celiac disease.
Results indicate that the enzyme from A. niger efficiently degrades gluten proteins, and future studies are required to determine if the prolyl endoprotease can be used as an oral supplement to reduce gluten intake in patients. Expand
Structure and function of pancreatic lipase and colipase.
  • M. Lowe
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Annual review of nutrition
  • 1997
This review discusses the advances made in protein structure and in understanding the relationships of structure to function of pancreatic triglyceride lipase and colipase. Expand
Evaluation of liquid yeast-derived sucrase enzyme replacement in patients with sucrase-isomaltase deficiency.
Yeast sucrase reduces breath hydrogen excretion in patients with CSID who are given a sucrose load (P < 0.001) and allows most patients to consume a Sucrose-containing diet and is stable at 4 degrees C and over a wide range of pH. Expand
Prediction of ingredient quality and the effect of a combination of xylanase, amylase, protease and phytase in the diets of broiler chicks. 2. Energy and nutrient utilisation
It can be concluded that the digestibility of nutrients by broilers fed on maize/soybean meal-based diets can be improved by the use of a combination of xylanase, amylase, protease and phytase. Expand