Making Dollars out of DNA: The First Major Patent in Biotechnology and the Commercialization of Molecular Biology, 1974-1980

@article{Hughes2001MakingDO,
  title={Making Dollars out of DNA: The First Major Patent in Biotechnology and the Commercialization of Molecular Biology, 1974-1980},
  author={Sally Smith. Hughes},
  journal={Isis},
  year={2001},
  volume={92},
  pages={541 - 575}
}
  • S. S. Hughes
  • Published 1 September 2001
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Isis
In 1973-1974 Stanley N. Cohen of Stanford and Herbert W. Boyer of the University of California, San Francisco, developed a laboratory process for joining and replicating DNA from different species. In 1974 Stanford and UC applied for a patent on the recombinant DNA process; the U.S. Patent Office granted it in 1980. This essay describes how the patenting procedure was shaped by the concurrent recombinant DNA controversy, tension over the commercialization of academic biology, governmental… Expand

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