Majorana fermions and a topological phase transition in semiconductor-superconductor heterostructures.

@article{Lutchyn2010MajoranaFA,
  title={Majorana fermions and a topological phase transition in semiconductor-superconductor heterostructures.},
  author={R. M. Lutchyn and Jay Deep Sau and Sankar Das Sarma},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2010},
  volume={105 7},
  pages={
          077001
        }
}
We propose and analyze theoretically an experimental setup for detecting the elusive Majorana particle in semiconductor-superconductor heterostructures. The experimental system consists of one-dimensional semiconductor wire with strong spin-orbit Rashba interaction embedded into a superconducting quantum interference device. We show that the energy spectra of the Andreev bound states at the junction are qualitatively different in topologically trivial (i.e., not containing any Majorana) and… 

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