Major fungal lineages are derived from lichen symbiotic ancestors

  title={Major fungal lineages are derived from lichen symbiotic ancestors},
  author={François M Lutzoni and Mark Pagel and Val{\'e}rie Reeb},
About one-fifth of all known extant fungal species form obligate symbiotic associations with green algae, cyanobacteria or with both photobionts. These symbioses, known as lichens, are one way for fungi to meet their requirement for carbohydrates. Lichens are widely believed to have arisen independently on several occasions, accounting for the high diversity and mixed occurrence of lichenized and non-lichenized (42 and 58%, respectively) fungal species within the Ascomycota. Depending on the… CONTINUE READING
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