Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview

  title={Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview},
  author={P. Brandon Matheny and Judd M. Curtis and Val{\'e}rie Hofstetter and M. Catherine Aime and Jean-Marc Moncalvo and Zai-Wei Ge and ZHU-LIANG Yang and Jason C. Slot and Joseph F. Ammirati and Timothy J. Baroni and Neale L. Bougher and Karen W Hughes and D. Jean Lodge and Richard W. Kerrigan and Michelle T. Seidl and Duur K. Aanen and Matthew DeNitis and Graciela M. Daniele and Dennis E Desjardin and Bradley Ray Kropp and Lorelei Norvell and Andrew Parker and Else C. Vellinga and Rytas Vilgalys and David S. Hibbett},
  pages={982 - 995}
An overview of the phylogeny of the Agaricales is presented based on a multilocus analysis of a six-gene region supermatrix. [] Key Result Bayesian analyses of 5611 nucleotide characters of rpb1, rpb1-intron 2, rpb2 and 18S, 25S, and 5.8S ribosomal RNA genes recovered six major clades, which are recognized informally and labeled the Agaricoid, Tricholomatoid, Marasmioid, Pluteoid, Hygrophoroid and Plicaturopsidoid clades. Each clade is discussed in terms of key morphological and ecological traits.

The family Agaricaceae: phylogenies and two new white-spored genera

A well resolved phylogeny of the Agaricaceae based on partial rpb2 sequences is presented from a wide geographic and systematic sampling of the family and compared to phylogenies based on nrLSU and

Molecular phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the genus Bolbitius (Bolbitiaceae, Agaricales) in Russia

Six species recorded from Russia in the genus Bolbitius were studied and the molecular data of three genetic markers indicate the existence of at least three divergent lineages in B. titubans, which suggests that it is likely a species complex rather than one widely distributed taxon.

Advances in the phylogenesis of Agaricales and its higher ranks and strategies for establishing phylogenetic hypotheses

An overview of previous research results on the molecular phylogenetic analyses in Agaricales and its higher ranks and the most recent treatments of taxonomic systems in these taxa are presented.

Genera of Inocybaceae: New skin for the old ceremony

Seven genera are recognized that establish a global overview of phylogenetic relationships in the Inocybaceae, an ectomycorrhizal lineage of Agaricales that associates with at least 23 plant families worldwide and is characterized by the most genera in the family, with South America containing the fewest number of genera.

The phylogeny and taxonomy of genera Cystoderma and Cystodermella (Agaricales) based on nuclear ITS and LSU sequences

Analyses of partial LSU rDNA sequences revealed Cystoderma and Cystodermella as distinct monophyletic genera, with Ripartitella representing a well-supported sister group of the latter, and the phylogenetic relationships among most of the analyzed genera could not be resolved unequivocally.

Short title: Phylogenetic re-evaluation of Rhodocybe-Clitopilus clade 1 Title: Toward a stable classification of genera within the Entolomataceae: a phylogenetic re-

A phylogenetic analysis for one of the two major clades of the Entolomataceae (Rhodocybe-Clitopilus) was conducted using three nuclear protein-coding gene regions, the mitochondrial ATP synthase.

Gasteromycetation in Agaricaceae s. l. (Basidiomycota): Morphological and ecological implementations

In this study, a review of the morphological features of gasteroid members of Agaricaceae is provided. Consideration of their ecological background and phylogenetic relationships allows for

Morphological characterization of clades of the Psathyrellaceae (Agaricales) inferred from a multigene phylogeny

A well-resolved, robust phylogeny and morphological circumscriptions for 14 clades of the Psathyrellaceae are presented and potential additions and extensions of the phylogeny are discussed for future sampling.

Survey of Volvariella (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) including Two New Species, V. neovolvacea and V. thailandensis, from Northern Thailand

These specimens are described as two new species, namely V. neovolvacea and V. thailandensis, and the comparisons between morphologically similar and phylogenetically related species are also discussed.

Cryptolepiota, a new sequestrate genus in the Agaricaceae with evidence for adaptive radiation in western North America

Phylogenetic analyses based on nLSU and ITS sequence data indicate that the sequestrate genus Gigasperma is polyphyletic and Cryptolepiota is proposed to accommodate the three species in this clade of fungi.



Phylogeny of agarics: Partial systematics solutions for bryophilous omphalinoid agarics outside of the Agaricales (Euagarics)

The taxonomy of several species previously assigned to Omphalina sensu lato or Gerronema is reevaluated in light of recent molecularly based phylogenetic hypotheses, resulting in the establishment of two new genera.

Improving phylogenetic inference of mushrooms with RPB1 and RPB2 nucleotide sequences (Inocybe; Agaricales).

Phylogenetic analyses of the Lyophylleae (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) based on nuclear and mitochondrial rDNA sequences

It is concluded that the Mickevich-Farris test is more appropriate for estimating congruence and combinability between different sources of molecular data than the more widely used ILD and Templeton tests, at least when the different data sets have their respective resolution power at different depths in the phylogeny.

The new genus Auritella from Africa and Australia (Inocybaceae, Agaricales): molecular systematics, taxonomy and historical biogeography

A maximum likelihood tree using rpb2 and nLSU-rDNA nucleotide sequences depicts the phylogenetic relationships of five of the seven species of the new genus Auritella, of which the Australian taxa form a monophyletic group.


This multigene study indicates that Inocy be is a monophyletic group composed of at least four distinct lineages—subgenus Mallocybe, section Cervicolores, section Rimosae, and subgenus Inocybe sensu Kühner, Kuyper, non Singer.

One hundred and seventeen clades of euagarics.

Galerina Earle: A polyphyletic genus in the consortium of dark-spored agarics.

The analyses indicate that the Galerina lineages, as well as the genus Gymnopilus, could be referred to a strongly emendated family Strophariaceae, which corresponds largely to the family as circumscribed by Kühner (1980).


The presence and location of postmeiotic mitotic divisions in basidia and basidiospores of Agaricales do not appear to be appropriate for assessing phylogenetic relationships among genera or families because of a high level of homoplasy.

Using RPB1 sequences to improve phylogenetic inference among mushrooms (Inocybe, Agaricales).

This multigene study indicates that Inocy be is a monophyletic group composed of at least four distinct lineages-subgenus Mallocybe, section Cervicolores, section Rimosae, and subgenus Inocybe sensu Kühner, Kuyper, non Singer.

Higher-level phylogenetic relationships of Homobasidiomycetes (mushroom-forming fungi) inferred from four rDNA regions.

Parsimony and maximum-likelihood analyses support the monophyly of the eight major clades recognized by Hibbett and Thorn, and most groups are strongly supported in bootstrapped parsimony analyses, but the polyporoid clade remains weakly supported.