Major and minor axes of the normal mitral annulus.

  title={Major and minor axes of the normal mitral annulus.},
  author={Anna Fyrenius and Jan E. Engvall and Birgitta Janerot-Sj{\"o}berg},
  journal={The Journal of heart valve disease},
  volume={10 2},
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY A dilated or abnormally shaped mitral annulus is a common cause of mitral valve regurgitation, and may be cured by annuloplastic surgery. Multiplane transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is the diagnostic technique of choice. Our aim was to evaluate and suggest two-dimensional TEE reference values from a standardized procedure of measuring the mitral annular major and minor axes, and their cyclic changes. METHODS The annulus was approximated elliptic in the… CONTINUE READING


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