Major abdominal surgery increases plasma levels of vascular endothelial growth factor: open more so than minimally invasive methods.


INTRODUCTION Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent inducer of angiogenesis that is necessary for wound healing and also promotes tumor growth. It is anticipated that plasma levels would increase after major surgery and that such elevations may facilitate tumor growth. This study's purpose was to determine plasma VEGF levels before and early… (More)


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