Major Transitions in Human Evolutionary History

  title={Major Transitions in Human Evolutionary History},
  author={Martin Stuart-Fox},
  journal={World Futures},


Evidence for independent brain and neurocranial reorganization during hominin evolution
It is shown that the human brain–braincase relationships are unique compared to chimpanzees and that structural rearrangements in the brain and in thebraincase emerged independently during human evolution and that evolutionary changes in brain and neurocranial structures are largely independent of each other.
Evolution, Population Thinking, and Essentialism
  • E. Sober
  • Philosophy
    Philosophy of Science
  • 1980
Ernst Mayr has argued that Darwinian theory discredited essentialist modes of thought and replaced them with what he has called "population thinking". In this paper, I characterize essentialism as
Have human societies evolved? Evidence from history and pre-history
I ask whether social evolutionary theories found in sociology, archaeology, and anthropology are useful in explaining human development from the Stone Age to the present-day. My data are partly
Working Memory, Neuroanatomy, and Archaeology
First, I categorize the papers presented in this issue according to a particular scheme: (a) those that support Wynn and Coolidge’s hypothesis that enhancement of working memory probably played a
Evolutionary Theory of History
Several attempts have been made recently to apply Darwinian evolutionary theory to the study of culture change and social history. The essential elements in such a theory are that variations occur in
Rethinking the evolution of culture and cognitive structure
Two recent attempts to clarify misunderstandings about the nature of cultural evolution (Henrich et al., 2008; Gabora, 2011) came to very different conclusions, based on very different understandings
The evolution of the human self: Tracing the natural history of self-awareness
The evolution of self-awareness from the common ancestor of humans and apes to the beginnings of culture is traced, drawing upon paleontological, anthropological, biological, and psychological evidence.