Maintaining the system with tokenism: bolstering individual mobility beliefs and identification with a discriminatory organization.


Two experiments examined the effects of gender-based token hiring practices in organizational settings. In Expt 1, women were exposed to organizational hiring practices that were open, token, or closed. Token practices served to perpetuate inequality by maintaining individual mobility beliefs and organizational identification. In Expt 2, both men and women… (More)
DOI: 10.1348/014466609X457530

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