Magnitude and variation of prehistoric bird extinctions in the Pacific

  title={Magnitude and variation of prehistoric bird extinctions in the Pacific},
  author={Richard P. Duncan and Alison G. Boyer and Tim M. Blackburn},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  pages={6436 - 6441}
The largest extinction event in the Holocene occurred on Pacific islands, where Late Quaternary fossils reveal the loss of thousands of bird populations following human colonization of the region. However, gaps in the fossil record mean that considerable uncertainty surrounds the magnitude and pattern of these extinctions. We use a Bayesian mark-recapture approach to model gaps in the fossil record and to quantify losses of nonpasserine landbirds on 41 Pacific islands. Two-thirds of the… 

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