Magnetosphere‐ionosphere coupling through E region turbulence: 1. Energy budget

@article{Dimant2011MagnetosphereionosphereCT,
  title={Magnetosphere‐ionosphere coupling through E region turbulence: 1. Energy budget},
  author={Yakov S. Dimant and Meers M. Oppenheim},
  journal={Journal of Geophysical Research},
  year={2011},
  volume={116}
}
[1] During periods of intense geomagnetic activity, strong electric fields and currents penetrate from the magnetosphere into the high-latitude ionosphere, where they dissipate energy, form electrojets, and excite plasma instabilities in the E region ionosphere. These instabilities give rise to plasma turbulence which induces nonlinear currents and strong anomalous electron heating (AEH) as observed by radars. These two effects can increase the global ionospheric conductances. This paper… 

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