Magnetic stimulation of the human brain during phasic and tonic REM sleep: recordings from distal and proximal muscles.

@article{Stalder1995MagneticSO,
  title={Magnetic stimulation of the human brain during phasic and tonic REM sleep: recordings from distal and proximal muscles.},
  author={Stalder and R{\"o}sler and Nirkko and Hess},
  journal={Journal of sleep research},
  year={1995},
  volume={4 2},
  pages={65-70}
}
During REM sleep, a powerful postsynaptic inhibition of spinal motoneurons induces a generalized muscle hypotonia. Despite this inhibition, it has been shown that by transcranial magnetic stimulation of the brain (TMS), muscle responses of normal amplitude can be evoked in small hand muscles of humans. Tonic innervation during sleep is different in postural vs. limb muscles, and the spinal inhibition differs during tonic vs. phasic REM episodes, Both phenomena may affect muscle responses to TMS… CONTINUE READING

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