Magnetic resonance imaging zygapophyseal joint space changes (gapping) in low back pain patients following spinal manipulation and side-posture positioning: a randomized controlled mechanisms trial with blinding.

@article{Cramer2013MagneticRI,
  title={Magnetic resonance imaging zygapophyseal joint space changes (gapping) in low back pain patients following spinal manipulation and side-posture positioning: a randomized controlled mechanisms trial with blinding.},
  author={G. Cramer and J. Cambron and J. Cantu and Jennifer M. Dexheimer and Judith D. Pocius and Douglas Gregerson and Michael Fergus and R. McKinnis and Thomas J. Grieve},
  journal={Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics},
  year={2013},
  volume={36 4},
  pages={
          203-17
        }
}
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to quantify lumbar zygapophyseal (Z) joint space separation (gapping) in low back pain (LBP) subjects after spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) or side-posture positioning (SPP). METHODS This was a controlled mechanisms trial with randomization and blinding. Acute LBP subjects (N = 112; four n = 28 magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] protocol groups) had 2 MRI appointments (initial enrollment and after 2 weeks of chiropractic treatment, receiving 2 MRI scans… Expand
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