Magnetic reconnection in the era of exascale computing and multiscale experiments

@article{Ji2022MagneticRI,
  title={Magnetic reconnection in the era of exascale computing and multiscale experiments},
  author={Hantao Ji and William S. Daughton and Jonathan Jara-Almonte and Ari Yitzchak Le and Adam Stanier and Jongsoo Yoo},
  journal={Nature Reviews Physics},
  year={2022}
}
Astrophysical plasmas have the remarkable ability to preserve magnetic topology, which inevitably gives rise to the accumulation of magnetic energy within stressed regions including current sheets. This stored energy is often released explosively through the process of magnetic reconnection, which produces a reconfiguration of the magnetic field, along with high-speed flows, thermal heating, and nonthermal particle acceleration. Either collisional or kinetic dissipation mechanisms are required… 
Cosmic-void observations reconciled with primordial magnetogenesis
It has been suggested that the weak magnetic field hosted by the intergalactic medium in cosmic voids could be a relic from the early Universe. However, accepted models of turbulent
Dense Gas Formation via Collision-induced Magnetic Reconnection in a Disk Galaxy with a Bisymmetric Spiral Magnetic Field
  • Shuo Kong
  • Physics
    The Astrophysical Journal
  • 2022
Recently, a collision-induced magnetic reconnection (CMR) mechanism was proposed to explain a dense filament formation in the Orion A giant molecular cloud. A natural question is whether CMR works
Direct measurement of non-thermal electron acceleration from magnetically driven reconnection in a laboratory plasma
Abraham Chien,1, a) Lan Gao,2 Shu Zhang,1 Hantao Ji,1, 2, b) Eric G. Blackman,3 William Daughton,4 Adam Stanier,4 Ari Le,4 Fan Guo,4 Russ Follett,5 Hui Chen,6 Gennady Fiksel,7 Gabriel Bleotu,8, 9, 10

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 303 REFERENCES
Magnetic Reconnection in Extreme Astrophysical Environments
Magnetic reconnection is a fundamental plasma physics process in which ideal-MHD’s frozen-in constraints are broken and the magnetic field topology is dramatically re-arranged, which often leads to a
Magnetic Reconnection in the Space Sciences: Past, Present, and Future
Magnetic reconnection converts, often explosively, stored magnetic energy to particle energy in space and in the laboratory. Through processes operating on length scales that are tiny, it facilitates
Emerging Parameter Space Map of Magnetic Reconnection in Collisional and Kinetic Regimes
In large-scale systems of interest to solar physics, there is growing evidence that magnetic reconnection involves the formation of extended current sheets which are unstable to plasmoids (secondary
Magnetic reconnection: from the Sweet–Parker model to stochastic plasmoid chains
Magnetic reconnection is the topological reconfiguration of the magnetic field in a plasma, accompanied by the violent release of energy and particle acceleration. Reconnection is as ubiquitous as
Magnetic reconnection in the presence of externally driven and self-generated turbulence
Magnetic reconnection is an important process that violates flux freezing and induces change of magnetic field topology in conducting fluids and, as a consequence, converts magnetic field energy into
RELATIVISTIC RECONNECTION: AN EFFICIENT SOURCE OF NON-THERMAL PARTICLES
In magnetized astrophysical outflows, the dissipation of field energy into particle energy via magnetic reconnection is often invoked to explain the observed non-thermal signatures. By means of two-
Fast Magnetic Reconnection: “Ideal” Tearing and the Hall Effect
One of the main questions in magnetic reconnection is the origin of triggering behavior with on/off properties that, once it is activated, accounts for the fast magnetic energy conversion to kinetic
Prospectus on electron acceleration via magnetic reconnection
Many explosive plasma phenomena are powered by magnetic reconnection. Striking evidence of such events is found in short bursts of radiation from energetic electrons with energies much larger than
Magnetic Energy Release, Plasma Dynamics, and Particle Acceleration in Relativistic Turbulent Magnetic Reconnection
In strongly magnetized astrophysical plasma systems, magnetic reconnection is believed to be the primary process during which explosive energy release and particle acceleration occur, leading to
...
...